Friendship Club Cook Book
The Friendship Club is an inter-racial women's social club. It was founded two years ago in Madison by a group of Negro and white women, who felt that in developing mutual understanding among themselves, they were thus answering a most grave result of segregation—ignorance.
In the course of its short history, the club has brought together white, Negro, Chinese, Jewish, Catholic and Protestant women; working and professional women, students and teachers, mothers and housewives.
In informal gatherings, at our pot-luck suppers, sewing bees, teas and coffee hours, the women of the Friendship Club have gained insight into each others problems and re-affirmed their confidence that if people of different races, creeds and national origins would but have the opportunity to know and appreciate each other, it would be a long step forward towards solving some of the trying problems which face us all.
This little book is a token of our friendship and faith in each other and in all people.
FRIENDSHIP CLUB COOK BOOK
|Meats, Entrees, Fish, One-Dish Meals||WHITE|
|Hot Vegetables, Salads, Salad Dressings||GOLD|
|Cookies, Cakes, Frostings, Desserts||WHITE|
|Breads, Hot Breads, Breakfast Specialties||GREEN|
In this little cookbook you will find the favorite recipes of the Club members and many of their friends. They are favorites for one or more of three reasons—economy, ease of preparation, or unusual tastiness.
The simplicity of the book is in keeping with the simplicity of our belief—our differences are superficial; our likenesses are fundamental. For we are all members of a single race—the human race.
Soak bread in water. Add to meat. Sprinkle dried milk over this. Blend thoroughly. Add rest of ingredients (except flour and fat).
Make 1" meatballs; roll in flour; brown in fat. Remove from skillet.
Add fat to pan to make 4 T. Combine 2 T. cornstarch with small amount of milk to make paste. Add milk to 2 C.
Add seasoning and add mixture to melted fat. Cook over low heat, stirring constantly until thick. Return meatballs to gravy and reheat.
Disjoint chicken, season well with salt and pepper. Cook chicken in melted butter until brown all over. Add onion and brown lightly. Sprinkle with flour, mix and cook until flour browns. Add sliced tomatoes, chopped garlic and herbs and peppers. Cover and simmer for 20 minutes. Add hot stock or water, season highly with salt and pepper and simmer for 45 minutes more. Serve pieces of chicken with sauce poured over them. Serve with rice.
Grease a deep baking dish. Cover bottom with a layer of bread, then cheese and onion. Alternate layers ending with bread. Beat egg, milk and seasoning. Pour slowly over layers. Milk mixture should fill half the dish. Bake in moderate-hot oven about 45 minutes or until brown.
Mix egg yolks, cheese, milk, cornstarch and seasoning. Add stiffly beaten egg whites. Pour into unbaked pie shell and bake until brown. About ½ hour.
a) An onion sauteed in fat may be added to the cheese mixture.
b) Pie shell may be lined with sliced tomatoes.
Combine all the ingredients except the bacon, mixing well. Pat the meat into a roll and slice one inch thick. Wrap each slice with a strip of bacon fastening with a toothpick. Broil or pan broil 5 minutes on each side.
Fry meat and vegetables sliced very thin in fat in saucepan until brown. Moisten with stock, add sugar and soy sauce and let simmer for 15-20 minutes or until beef is tender. Serve over dry rice.
note: Pork or chicken may be substituted for beef
Combine egg, milk, salt, pepper, Worcestershire sauce, bread crumbs and meat. Mix well; shape into loaf about 7 inches long and 2 inches high in greased baking pan. Cut slits across top of loaf and tuck in orange sections. Combine orange juice, sugar and corn syrup. Pour over top of loaf, reserving ⅓ to use for basting. Bake in moderate oven about 1 hour, basting often.
Boil spaghetti in plenty of water so that strands are well separated from each other. Cook until tender but still firm. Do not break the strands of spaghetti and do not overcook. Drain cooked spaghetti in a colander. Put spaghetti in a frying pan with oil in which the garlic has been browned. Sprinkle with salt, pepper and parsley. Mix well & let simmer a few minutes over low heat. Serve on hot platter.
Make a layer of the onion in the bottom of a large saucepan. Put the spices on the onion and then the pieces of chicken. Pour a can of tomato soup over the top. Bring to a boil and reduce flame so that chicken cooks slowly. When chicken is tender and browned remove spices and use gravy over rice or potatoes. Gravy should be salted before serving.
Boil tongue until tender. Take out of juice and remove outer skin. Put back in juice, add salt and pepper, bay leaves, onions and cloves. Cook ½ hour.
Brown chicken in hot pan quickly. Let chicken simmer in pan with sauce for ¾ hour or until tender. Saute green peppers and tomatoes in another until tender. Season to taste. Add cooked chicken. Thicken gravy if desired.
Note: beef or pork may be substituted for chicken.
Dow Soo, a Chinese spice may be purchased in Chinese importing shops or in some restaurants.
Brown meat well on all sides in fat. Add other ingredients and cook 20 minutes per pound at 15 pounds pressure. Let stand at least 8 hours before using. Thicken gravy if desired.
Cut liver into small pieces. Brown the liver and sliced onion quickly in hot fat. Add the cornstarch to a little of the bouillon and mix to a smooth paste. Add to the rest of the bouillon and cook until thick and clear. Add the soy sauce and seasoning, then the browned liver and onion. Serve over dry rice.
Make cream sauce and cook until thickened. Add tuna and peas. Serve on toast.
Brown onions & mushrooms in oil and remove from skillet. Brown veal—(cut up in serving size pieces). Return onions and mushrooms to skillet. Add sour cream & seasonings. Simmer 20 minutes. If sour cream too thick, thin with milk. Make sweet cream sour with few drops vinegar. If canned mushrooms used, use juice in gravy.
Mash the meat with a fork.
Add onion, green pepper, paste, sauce, spices and cook at 15 pounds pressure for 10 minutes. It is best to add salt and pepper after cooking to taste. Remove bay leaves. Serve meat sauce over cooked spaghetti. This may be made earlier and reheated when ready to use but long simmering is not necessary.
Marinate a big snapper or any baking fish in 1 cup of the french dressing for 4-6 hours. If fish is split for stuffing, marinate the inside of the fish too. Stuff with bread stuffing if desired.
Bake at 450° for 5-6 minutes or until well seared, brush plenty of the marinade over the fish. Cover and bake until tender, basting with the marinade frequently.
A little basil or thyme or crushed bay leaves may be added to the fish before baking.
This is a recipe from Havana, Cuba.
Heat oil. Brown hamburger and garlic. Add sauce and seasonings. Simmer until thickened (20-30 minutes). Cook noodles in water with a little oil about 15 minutes (until tender). Fill casserole with alternate layers:
End with meat sauce and parmesan cheese. Bake in oven 375° 15-20 minutes.
Fry hamburger crumbling it while it cooks, then add onions and diced green pepper. Fry. Add corn and tomatoes. Season to taste.
Fry in fat until brown, then add tomato paste and water. Cook until done.
Cook rice and let stand so that the water will evaporate and the rice will be dry. Chop onion and garlic and fry to a light golden colour in butter. Quarter the tomatoes and add to the onion, crushing them to extract the juice. Fry the sausages separately and when done cut in 2 inch lengths. Put the cooked rice in a deep pan, add the fried onion, garlic and tomatoes, and the butter in which they were cooked. Add the sausages, mix well, season with salt, pepper, dash cayenne and finely chopped chilli pepper. Cover and simmer very gently for 30 minutes, stirring often. Serve very hot.
Fry onions. Remove from fat. Fry veal seasoned to taste. Return onions and add stock and seasonings. Cover and simmer about 2 hours. Add and cook until tender 4 potatoes and mushrooms. Add sour cream just before serving and heat long enough for thorough blending.
Saute onion in bacon fat.
Chop crisp bacon fine.
Combine other ingredients.
Add onion and chopped bacon.
Bake in moderate oven (350°) for one hour
LIVER AND ONIONS
Soak 1 lb. of liver in enough milk to cover for one hour.
Saute one large onion sliced into rings.
Dip liver pieces in salted flour; fry on both sides until brown; cover tightly and simmer for 20 minutes.
Cover with browned sauteed onion rings and serve hot.
Saute chopped onion & green peppers in bacon fat.
Add tomatoes & seasoning. Cook 15 minutes.
Add gravy or soup. Cook 5 minutes.
Add meat. Cook until thoroughly heated.
Serve on broad noodles or rice.
Grind pepper and onion. Add crumbs. Drain tomatoes and add (saving juice). Add meat and seasoning. Shape into loaf and dredge. Cover with bacon. Bake for 1 hour at 350°. Baste frequently with tomato juice.
For potato coating: Cook peeled potatoes in boiling salted water. Drain and mash well. Add margarine, milk, salt, pepper, and egg yolk. Beat until fluffy. Cover loaf completely; brush with melted butter. Brown in broiler.
Pour batter into small frying pan (8"), so that batter just covers bottom of pan. Cook over low heat until set and dry but not brown. Turn sheets of batter out on towel until filled. Pancakes should not be thicker than three sheets of paper.
Filling: Mash cheese well or put through sieve. Add other ingredients. Put T of filling on a pancake, roll, tuck in ends to make envelope, fry in butter or shortening (veg.). Blintzes filled or unfilled keep well in refrigerator until fried. Can be served with sour cream or sprinkled with sugar.
Steam cabbage, bacon and hot water over low heat for twenty minutes. Add more water if necessary. When done add the sugar, vinegar, salt & pepper. Simmer for 5 minutes more with cover on.
Mix all the ingredients together except for the shortening, adding the cracker meal last. Add enough cracker meal so that the mixture will hold its shape. Drop by tablespoon into hot shortening until brown and crisp on the surface.
Cut egg plant, squash and pepper in walnut-sized pieces (squash and egg plant may be substituted for each other). Saute in salad oil. Sprinkle with salt, sugar, cinnamon. Add tomatoes, and water if needed. Cover and cook over slow heat 20-30 minutes. Add cheese, cover and cook for five minutes.
Cut turnips lengthwise into strips. Melt sugar in pan until brown. Add water at once. Add turnips. Sprinkle with salt and caraway seeds. Add a piece of fat or butter. Cook for twenty minutes or until done.
Scrub potatoes. Cut in half. Brush cut side with oil. Sprinkle with salt and caraway seeds. Put cut side up in baking dish and bake tender.
Brown onion in hot fat. Add potatoes, parsley, and seasonings. Barely cover with hot water. Cook covered until potatoes are tender.
Add all the ingredients to the grated potatoes, mixing well. Add enough cracker meal to absorb the liquid from the potatoes so that the mixture can be dropped by the spoonful into hot fat or oil. Fry until brown and crisp. The edges of the pancake should be very crisp and the inside soft. Serve with applesauce or sour cream.
note: a medium-sized onion may be grated into the potatoes and the pancakes served with meat.
Raw grated yellow turnips, carrots, or beets make a very good salad. For their dressing take oil, vinegar (or lemon), a little milk or cream and salt. To turnips and beets add a few grains of caraway seeds.
Any kind of raw vegetable, or chopped fruit can be put in a suitable flavor of Jello. Marshmellow (chopped) is good mixed with fruit or celery.
Put egg yolk into a small chilled bowl or saucer. Stir in salt. Add oil, a few drops at a time, stirring vigorously after each addition. After a few additions more oil may be added. When the mixture thickens add the vinegar alternately with the oil. Add the Worcestershire sauce last. If the mixture should separate add another egg yolk a little at a time.
note: mayonnaise is easy to make if the oil & vinegar are well chilled.
Mix all ingredients until well blended. Store in jar in refrigerator. Celery seed may be added for variety. Very good on cabbage slaw.
Mix ingredients and place in greased casserole dish. Can be mixed several days ahead and cooked as needed. For economy use maximum crackers, minimum cheese.
Bake for 1 hr.—325°
Cream butter and sugar. Add ingredients in order given. Put in ring mold which is set in a bowl of hot water. Bake in moderate oven about one hour.
Put ingredients together in the order given. Mix thoroughly. Pinch off pieces of dough the size of a marble. Roll in granulated sugar. Bake at 350°, 12-15 minutes.
Cream shortening and sugar, blend in eggs. Sift dry ingredients together and add alternately with milk to make dough the consistency of biscuit dough (amount of flour may vary) Roll out ½ inch on a floured board and cut with a doughnut cutter. Fry a few at a time in deep hot fat (360°-375°) turning as soon as the doughnuts rise to the top of the fat. When cool dust with confectioner's sugar.
Cream shortening & sugar, add eggs & vanilla and beat well. Add sifted dry ingredients alternately with sour milk & banana pulp, beating well after each addition. Bake in greased 6½-10½ inch loaf pan in a moderate oven for 50 minutes. Frost with nut frosting.
Heat sugar and honey. Sift dry ingredients and spices. Add warm sirup to dry ingredients. Add orange peel and nuts. Add enough milk so that batter is thin and can be poured easily. Pour into greased pan, layer or loaf. Bake in slow oven for 45 minutes. Increase heat somewhat for second half of baking. When done brush warm cake with sweetened milk and sprinkle with nuts (op.). Serve next day, slice thin.
This is a Swiss recipe and uses no eggs and little sugar.
Combine sugar, vinegar, water. Stir & cook until mixture boils. Cover and cook without stirring until syrup spins a thread 10 inches long. (232°F) Add butter. Beat egg yolks until thick. Pour syrup over the egg yolks in a fine stream, beating vigorously. Add baking powder & flavoring. Beat with beater until creamy. Store in refrigerator until needed. May be thinned with more fruit juice if necessary.
Mix sugar, cornstarch and salt. Cut chocolate into small pieces and add to sugar mixture. Add boiling water; cook until thick. Remove from heat; add butter and vanilla. Spread on cake as a frosting or filling. Can be used hot.
Cream shortening and sugar. Add the eggs and vanilla and mix until smooth. Add flour which has been sifted with soda and baking powder and salt. Add oatmeal, cereal and coconut. Mold dough in balls size of walnut and press slightly on cookie sheet. Bake at 350 F. Large yield.
Mix dry ingredients and fruit juices. Cook until clear and thick. Remove from heat and add butter and cherries. Fill pie shell and bake in hot oven until pastry is browned.
Variation: omit orange and lemon juice and use 1 t vanilla and ½ t almond extract for flavoring. Substitute brown sugar for white.
After cherries are added to the thickened sauce, cook the cherries for about 5 minutes and then cool. The cooked cherries may be then put into a baked pie shell. Whipped cream can be put over serving or over the whole cooled pie filling.
Mix butter, cheese, sugar & salt until the consistance is like thick cream. Add flour and make a ball of the dough. Do not use any liquids. Wrap in wax paper and towel and put in the refrigerator over night. (the dough keeps well for a week). Roll out ⅓ of the dough at a time. Roll the dough ¼ inch thick and fold over 4 times. Roll out again ¼ inch thick and cut with cookie cutter. Dip top surface of cookies in beaten egg, sugar and chopped nuts. Bake on greased sheet in hot oven until puffed and brown. Remove carefully.
Melt the butter with the coffee. Add sugar, molasses and the well beaten eggs. Sift the spices, flour, baking powder and soda. Add to the liquid ingredients. Beat well. Chill. Drop in tablespoonfuls on a well buttered baking sheet or pan. Bake 10 minutes in a moderate oven (350°F) Frost while hot. Makes 4 dozen Cry Babies.
Let berries defrost and drain off the syrup. Whip the cream with the sugar, vanilla and salt. Mix the berries with the cream and put into the center of the ring of gelatine which has been unmolded onto a large platter. Cut a slice of the gelatine and top with the berries and cream. Serve with small cookies.
Cream sugar and butter. Add eggs, beat well. Add lemon peelings and juice. Add flour, beat well. Knead dough a few times. Let dough stand in a cool place for 1 hour. Roll out dough on lightly floured board and shape into rope like strips around size of thumb. Deep fry in hot fat until brown. Sprinkle with confectioner's sugar. Makes 50-60.
Sift flour & salt. Cut in butter, add eggs and water. Knead well, beat or throw dough until it blisters. Let stand in warm place under cloth for 20 minutes. Cover table with white cloth and flour it. Pull dough out on the cloth until paper thin. Spread on filling. Roll as for jelly roll. Grease top. Bake roll for 10 minutes at 450°, then for 20 minutes at 400°. Cool and slice.
Spread sugar (brown) in the bottom of a baking dish. Pour the following custard over it. Add sugar and salt to well beaten eggs. Stir in scalded milk slowly. Add flavoring. Place baking dish with custard and brown sugar in a pan of hot water and bake in a moderate oven until firm. Cool and invert onto a platter. The brown sugar forms a caramel sauce. Use more or less brown sugar depending on how much sauce is desired.
Arrange alternate layers of 3 layers of each:
Over top pour ½ C evaporated milk diluted with ¼ C water. Bake until brown.
If canned peaches are used use juice for sauce.
Cream shortening, add sugar gradually and cream together thoroughly. Add eggs, poppy-seed and vanilla. Add flour sifted with baking powder and salt. Mix well. Shape stiff dough into rolls, 1½ inches in diameter. Wrap in waxed paper and chill well or overnight. Slice ⅛ inch thick. Bake on ungreased cookie sheet in 425° oven or until lightly browned.
This is a very sweet cookie. If less sweetness and more richness is desired cut white sugar to 1½ cups and flour to 3 cups. 7 dozen cookies.
Beat egg whites until stiff with cream of tartar and salt. With wire whisk fold in sifted sugar and flavoring. Fold in flour through sifter.
Bake in ungreased chimney pan an hour or more at 250°, or by the new method (½ hour at 425°) until wire tester comes out clean. Invert on chimney to cool.
Cut with vertical motion with very sharp knife, wiping clean after each cut with moist cloth.
Combine eggs and brown sugar. Add dry ingredients and mix. Shape into walnut-sized balls and put on greased baking sheet. Let stand overnight covered with towel. Bake 20 to 25 minutes (350°). Shake few cookies at time in paper bag with confectioner's sugar. Keep tightly covered. Become softer the longer kept.
Dissolve sugar in milk. Add egg and beat well. Melt chocolate and shortening together. Add other ingredients in order given beating well after each addition. Bake in moderate oven in greased 8" baking pan or in cupcake tins.
Cream shortening and sugar. Add eggs. Beat well. Add chocolate, and then milk and dry ingredients alternately. Bake in 3 8" pans at 350° until tester comes out clean.
When cool ice with frosting.
Frosting: Melt chocolate. Mix 1 C sugar, egg, vanilla, milk and butter. Place bowl this mixture in pan of cold water. Add melted chocolate. Beat with rotary beater until stiff. For variation add 2 drops peppermint extract.
Beat 3 egg whites stiff, adding 6 T sugar. Bake for 15 minutes in 325° oven. After it has become brown turn off oven and let cool in oven.
Mix corn starch with ½ C water in top of double boiler. Blend in sugar and salt. Add remainder of water. Stir constantly over low heat until mixture boils. Cover and cook over boiling water 10 minutes. Gradually pour hot mixture over beaten egg yolks. Stirring constantly return to double boiler and cook 2 minutes longer. Remove from heat, add butter, lemon juice and rind. Mix well and cool. Pour into 8" pie shell.
Sift together flour and salt. Cut in shortening until it is the size of peas. Sprinkle the water over the mixture and make into ball. Roll out on floured board. Build up fluted edge and prick bottom with fork to prevent puffing. Bake for 10-12 minutes in 475° oven.
Beat eggs until very light with rotary beater. Add baking powder and salt and mix well. Melt shortening in hot milk and add all at once to egg mixture. Fold in flour. Bake in greased loaf pan in a moderate oven until brown.
Place all ingredients except vanilla extract in a double boiler; mix well. Cook over boiling water, beating with beater until mixture holds peaks, about 3 minutes. Remove from heat, add vanilla and beat until of spreading consistency (not usually necessary).
note: If very dark brown sugar is used, omit the vanilla since the frosting will have a caramel taste. Use the vanilla with yellow sugar.
Beat egg yolks until lemon colored. Add sugar, hot water and stir until sugar dissolved. Sift dry ingredients into egg mixture, beating constantly. Add flavoring, and beat five hundred times (2 or 3 minutes on mixer).
Bake in chimney pan at 325°-350° for 45 minutes or longer until tester comes out clean. Invert on chimney to cool. Cut as Angel food.
Mix cream with coffee or cocoa or both. Add sugar, one of the flavorings and salt. Beat until stiff and use to frost any kind of chocolate, white, yellow, chiffon or sponge type cake. Do not use with fruit flavored cakes.
note: The coffee & cocoa makes a mocha flavored frosting. This is a very stiff mixture and may be thinned with light cream to make spreading easier.
The coffee alone, without cocoa used on devil's food cake is especially good. The cocoa, without the coffee, makes a lightly flavored chocolate frosting.
Wash rind, and cut into desired size, 1"✕1", or oblong. Cover rind with boiling water. Parboil in this water until the rind can be pierced with a fork, but not too soft. Bring sirup, made of remaining ingredients, to boil. Pour over drained rind. Cover tightly and put in cool place overnight. In the morning drain off sirup, boil for few minutes and pour over rind again. Do the same thing the next morning. On 3rd morning heat rind in sirup slowly until boiling. Fill sterilized jars, cover with wax and seal.
Sift flour and salt. Cut in shortening and grated cheese. Mix with Worcestershire sauce until blended. Press into a ball and roll on floured board to ¼ inch thickness. Cut in strips about ½ inch wide. Bake in hot oven 8-10 minutes until golden brown. Sprinkle very lightly with cayenne pepper if desired.
Rub bowl with garlic. Blend cheese with seasonings. Add drained clams and juices. Chill.
Cut shortening into sifted dry ingredients. Add ice water and work quickly into a ball of dough. Wrap in wax paper and towel and place in refrigerator.
Use as needed. Keeps indefinitely. Can be used for filled meat patties, fruit horns, pies etc.
Mix and sift dry ingredients. Combine well-beaten egg yolks and milk. Add to flour mixture, beating until smooth. Add shortening and fold in stiffly beaten egg whites. Bake in hot waffle iron. Yield—6 waffles
Mix ingredients and form into balls. Brown in deep fat.
Add ingredients in order given, mixing well after each addition. Bake on hot, lightly greased griddle.
Cream butter and sugar. Add egg yolks and beat well. Add milk and beat well. Mix in dry ingredients. Add stiffly beaten egg whites and beat well. Bake in well greased pan at 350° until brown.
for each serving
In each bowl put the oatmeal, and cover with water to moisten. Add grated apple, thinly sliced banana, fresh berries or a combination of these. Add juice and milk; nuts and wheat germ.
Beat eggs until light & foamy. Add other ingredients. Enough meal should be added so a loose dough is formed. Put in refrigerator to chill. The dough will become stiffer when cold. Form into balls the size of a walnut and drop into boiling chicken soup. Cover and let cook 15 minutes. Serve with soup or as a meat garnish.
note: The recipe for filling can be used as a base for gravy to be served with meat. (Kasha)
The stuffing: Mix the buckwheat with 1 egg and place into the oven for 10 or 15 minutes. When the buckwheat is browned add to the boiling water. Add 1 teas. salt, 1 tablespoon of butter and allow to boil 30 minutes on slow fire. Fry the onions and mix with the buckwheat.
The dough: Mash the potatoes; add 3 eggs, 1 teaspoon salt. Add flour and knead a thin dough. Cut the dough into sections; place some buckwheat mixture on each and roll into a dumpling. Bake in buttered pan in oven for 35 minutes, moderate temperature.
Sift dry ingredients together. Combine egg and milk and add gradually to dry ingredients to make smooth batter (beat with rotary beater). Add shortening. Drop batter on hot, greased baking sheet. (do not re-grease sheet between bakings). Makes about one dozen.